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Trademarks: Using Western intellectual property law to protect your client's brand and culture

Total Credits: 1 CLE

Average Rating:
Intellectual Property |  Indian Law
Doreen Nanibaa McPaul |  Virjinya Ruth Adair Torrez |  Katherine Claire Belzowski |  Carrie Frias
Audio and Video
Original Program Date:
Sep 20, 2023


A breakdown of trademark law and what attorneys need to know to protect the intellectual property of their Native American clients. 

Carrie Frias, Frias Indian Law

Katherine Belzowski, Navajo Nation Department of Justice

Doreen McPaul, Esq.; President, Tribal In-House Counsel Association
Virjinya Torrez, Assistant Attorney General, Pascua Yaqui Tribe; Secretary, Tribal In-House Counsel Association



Virjinya Ruth Adair Torrez Related Seminars and Products

Pascua Yaqui Tribe

is an Assistant Attorney General for the Pascua Yaqui Tribe, a federally recognized Indian tribe located in Arizona. Virjinya earned both her J.D. and her M.A. in American Indian Studies at the University of Arizona, and she earned her B.A. in Political Science (specializing in International Relations) and East Asian Studies at the University of Iowa, with certificates in International Business and American Indian and Native Studies. She is admitted to practice in both the federal and state courts of Arizona, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, the Tohono O’odham Judicial Court, and the Pascua Yaqui Tribal Court. She is also an accredited Veteran Affairs attorney. Virjinya started her legal career as an associate at Vingelli & Errico, a small general practice firm in Tucson, Arizona; was a solo practitioner for a brief period of time; and served five years as an Assistant Attorney General for the Tohono O’odham Nation. Virjinya is a 2016 graduate of the State Bar of Arizona's Bar Leadership Institute; is the Immediate Past Chair of the Executive Council for the State Bar of Arizona’s Indian Law Section; serves as the appointed State Bar of Arizona’s representative on the Arizona State, Tribal & Federal Court Forum; and is a member of NABA-AZ, the Arizona Minority Bar Association, and the Tribal In-House Counsel Association. She is also active in the community and serves on TUSD’s Native American Education Advisory Committee, the Community Foundation for Southern Arizona’s Community Investment Team, the Community Foundation for Southern Arizona’s Governance Committee, and the Community Foundation for Southern Arizona’s Board of Directors. Virjinya's work for the Tribe is varied, but she primarily represents the Tribe’s Public Safety, Human Resources, Education, and Facilities Management Departments and programs. Virjinya is Cherokee/Seminole/Muscogee Creek, and is an enrolled member of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma. 10/18

Carrie Frias Related Seminars and Products

Carrie A. Frias, an attorney with over a decade of experience, serves as the Managing Partner at Frias Indian Law and Policy, LLC, founded by her husband, Indian law attorney Richard J. Frias. Her expertise spans trademarks, copyright, and the safeguarding of indigenous intellectual property, along with a focus on Indian law (tribal and federal), civil litigation, and cross-jurisdictional matters. Carrie holds a Bachelor of Arts in Biology from New College of Florida (2000), a Master’s in American Indian Studies from UCLA (2004), and a Juris Doctor with a Certificate in Indian Law from the University of New Mexico School of Law (2009). She has worked in-house for tribal governments, acted as a registered lobbyist in Washington, D.C., and played a key role in significant litigation as Chief General Counsel for the Pueblo of Pojoaque. Carrie is licensed in multiple jurisdictions and has extensive experience litigating in various courts nationwide. Her advocacy also extends to championing the rights of indigenous women and children facing violence.



Overall:      4.6

Total Reviews: 15


Cole B

"The CLE was a good introduction to certain aspects of IP law that impact tribes, but it could have provided details in a greater depth, or alternatively, provided links to or the names of resources that would allow practitioners to really dig into the area of law. "

Naomi P

"It would be nice to have written documentation also."

Chloe V

"I thought they were quite good. Some of the slides had quite basic info, though, and most of the info was presented orally, which is fine, but I sometimes like having more in writing to refer back to in the future."

Ben S

"More information could have been provided in the packet."

Danielle M

"I thought the information was presented well and in an interesting manner. "

Randy B

"excellent and highly relevant material for attorneys serving Native American clients"

Sandra E

"The fist half hour was slow to a seasoned trademark attorney, presenting the basic TM info, but the last half hour provided so much new information that it made the whole hour worth it."